Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Return to the Radio Scene in Albania: The Wartime Years

Ancient ruins of Albania (Gayle Van Horn QSL Collection)
Recent news reports in the international radio world inform us that the small European country of Albania finally closed its remaining medium wave and shortwave stations earlier this year.  Thus in Albania, all radio broadcasting stations throughout the country, numbering one hundred or more government and commercial stations, are now concentrated into the standard FM Band 2.  However, Radio Tirana shortwave is still on the air, via a new relay with the large American commercial shortwave station WRMI in Okeechobee Florida.
            In our program today, we present our third episode about the radio story in Albania, and on this occasion, we begin with the historic era of ancient times.
            Way back in the times of antiquity, the territory now known as Albania was traversed and settled by wandering tribal peoples coming in from the east.  Then next on the scene came the ancient Roman Empire, and they conquered and annexed Albania.
            Albanian history informs us that a colony of some 70 Christian families was established in the coastal town of Durres through the original ministry of St Paul in New Testament times; and two hundred years later, the entire territory was established in Christianity.  Islam came to Albania five hundred years later again.
            Politically speaking, the Kingdom of Albania was established in the year 1272, though two hundred years later again, the Ottoman Empire from Turkey took over the country.  In 1912, Albania declared its independence again, as a revived kingdom; in 1939 it was taken over by Italy; four years later it was taken over by Germany; and after the end of World War 2, the country was formed into a socialist republic.  In 1991, Albania officially became a republic.
            It was in April 1939 that Italy occupied Albania, and at that stage, there were just three broadcast transmitters on the air.  On mediumwave, Radio Tirana I (One) was noted with 10 watts on 1384 kHz with studios and transmitter in the Municipality Building on Rruga 28 Nentori in Tirana. 
            On shortwave, their scheduling, if listed correctly, showed two transmitters on the air in parallel,  6080 kHz and 7840 kHz, under the callsign ZAA.  These transmitters were originally installed in 1937 for the purpose of international radio communication in Morse Code, rather than for program broadcasting.  Their shortwave equipment was manufactured by Tesla in Prague Czechoslovakia; and their transmitter base was located at Laprake, in the military encampment on the edge of suburban Tirana, we would suggest.
            In July 1939, a few months after the Italian occupation, shortwave ZAA was heard in the South Pacific closing with the Italian National Anthem.  Interestingly, the callsign ZAA was retained, in spite of the fact that some had suggested earlier that maybe the callsign would be changed to an Italian call beginning with the letter I (eye). 
            Around that same time under the Italian occupation, an additional medium wave transmitter was co-installed in the Municipality Building.  This new unit was originally listed with a power of 1 kW, though apparently it was operated at only one quarter of that power level.  The new transmitter took over the programming and frequency of Tirana I on 1384 kHz, and the older 10 watt transmitter was moved to 1290 kHz as Tirana II (Two).
            After about a year of Italian occupation, or perhaps a little less, Radio Tirana was no longer reported as active on shortwave.  The final known listing was in August 1940, when Arthur Cushen in South New Zealand noted the station on 7850 kHz.  Apparently station ZAA as a program broadcaster lay silent for the remainder of the European Conflict. 
            When peace finally began to descend upon continental Europe again, Radio Tirana ZAA was noted on the air once more, and on the same shortwave channel 7850 kHz according to Arthur Cushen again.  That was early in the year 1946.  Apparently the original old Tesla equipment had been revived.
            Interestingly, all programming at this stage was in the Italian language, in spite of the fact that German forces had replaced the Italians two years earlier.
            Next time, growth and development in the radio scene in Albania.

            Reminder: Radio Tirana now on relay via WRMI

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Propagation Globe (NASA)
Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2017 May 22 0235 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/weekly.html#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 15 - 21 May 2017

Solar activity was very low throughout the reporting period. Region 2659 (N14, L=038, class/area=Dao/040 on 21 May 2017) was the most omplex region; however, it has produced no significant flare activity. No Earth-directed CMEs were observed in available coronagraph imagery.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit ranged from normal to high levels, with a peak flux of 13,000 pfu at 21/1710 UTC. Normal levels were observed on 15 May and moderate levels were observed on 16-19 May. In response to a negative polarity CH HSS, high levels were observed on 20-21 May.

Geomagnetic field activity was at quiet to active levels. Quiet to active levels were observed on 15 May. Conditions decreased to quiet to unsettled levels on 16-17 May under nominal solar wind conditions. A SSBC produced quiet to active levels on 18 May and quiet to unsettled levels on 19 May. The subsequent onset of a negative polarity CH HSS, with peak observed winds between 700-750 km/s, produced unsettled to active conditions on 20 May and quiet to unsettled levels on 21 May.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 22 May - 17 June 2017

Solar activity is expected to be very low with a slight chance for  C-class flare activity throughout the outlook period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to range from normal to very high levels. Moderate levels are likely on 01-10 Jun and 12-15 Jun; high levels are likely on 22 May, 27-31 May, and 16-17 Jun; very high levels are likely on 23-26 May. Elevated levels of electrons  are in response to multiple, recurrent, CH HSSs. The remainder of the outlook period is likely to
observe normal background levels.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to be at quiet to G1 (Minor) storm levels. Active conditions are likely on 22 May with unsettled conditions likely on 23-24 May due to the waning effects of a negative polarity CH HSS. Quiet conditions are then likely to prevail from 25 May-09 Jun under a nominal solar wind regime. An increase to active conditions is likely on 10-11 Jun from a positive
polarity CH HSS. Quiet conditions are again likely on 12-13 Jun. A SSBC is expected to cause unsettled conditions on 14 Jun. A subsequent negative polarity CH HSS is likely to cause active conditions on 15 Jun, G1 (Minor) conditions on 16 Jun, then active conditions as the CH HSS wanes on 17 Jun.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2017 May 22 0235 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/wwire.html
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2017-05-22
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2017 May 22      74          12          4
2017 May 23      76           8          3
2017 May 24      76           8          3
2017 May 25      76           5          2
2017 May 26      76           5          2
2017 May 27      76           5          2
2017 May 28      74           5          2
2017 May 29      74           5          2
2017 May 30      72           5          2
2017 May 31      72           5          2
2017 Jun 01      72           5          2
2017 Jun 02      72           5          2
2017 Jun 03      72           5          2
2017 Jun 04      70           5          2
2017 Jun 05      70           5          2
2017 Jun 06      70           5          2
2017 Jun 07      70           5          2
2017 Jun 08      70           5          2
2017 Jun 09      72           5          2
2017 Jun 10      72          10          4
2017 Jun 11      72          12          4
2017 Jun 12      74           5          2
2017 Jun 13      74           5          2
2017 Jun 14      74           8          3
2017 Jun 15      74          10          4
2017 Jun 16      74          20          5
2017 Jun 17      74          12          4

Monday, May 22, 2017

From the Isle of Music and Uncle Bill's Melting Pot Schedules

I.  From the Isle of Music, May 21 - June 3
Cubadisco 2017, Cuba's largest and most important music awards program (a combination of something like the GRAMMYs® and much, much more) takes place during May, and we'll be away from the studio listening to Cuba's best new recordings and doing new interviews.   While we are doing that,  our episodes for May will be a combination of new episodes and some of the best of early 2016 for the benefit of our many new listeners.

May 21-27 is a replay of an early 2016 episode with special guest Cuban Jazz singer Zule Guerra, but also some 1970s Cuban Rock.

May 28-June 3 is a replay of an early 2016 episode featuring members of Conjunto Chappottin, one of Cuba's most historically important conjuntos, as well as a mix of other Cuban music genres.

Four possibilities to listen via shortwave:
1. For Eastern Europe but audible well beyond the target area in all directions with 100Kw, Sundays 1500-1600 UTC on SpaceLine, 9400 KHz, from Kostinbrod, Bulgaria (1800-1900 MSK)

2. For the Americas and parts of Europe, Tuesdays 0000-0100 UTC on WBCQ, 7490 KHz from Monticello, ME, USA (Mondays 8-9PM EDT in the US)

3 & 4. For Europe and sometimes beyond, Tuesdays 1900-2000 UTC and Saturdays 1200-1300 on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany.

Come June, we will begin to share the best of Cubadisco 2017 - new music, new interviews, and of course the best of Cuba's recordings from the past as well.

II. Uncle Bill's Melting Pot, Thursdays Our musical mystery box with the rest of the planet including the US and just enough weird (including a few laughs now and then) to keep us from being confused with a generic World Music program. No gravitas for us!  We don't tell you what's coming up each week because the surprises are half the fun and we mix things up anyway.  Every Thursday from 2300-2330 UTC on WBCQ the Planet, 7490 KHz

William "Bill" Tilford, Owner/Producer
Tilford Productions, LLC

Major changes of China domestic services

Additional frequency of CNR-17
Effective: 17 May 2017

All times UTC
0300-0900 on 15190 DOF 100 kW / 015 deg to EaAs Kazakh

China Domestic Service CNR-10 and CNR-16
CNR-10 Laonian zhi sheng
2230-1300 on 17875 BEI 150 kW / non-dir to EaAs Chinese, and respectively:
2300-1300 on  9620 BEI 150 kW / non-dir to EaAs Chinese CNR-2 is cancelled
1300-1805 on  9620 BEI 150 kW / non-dir to EaAs Chinese and co-channels*
2025-2300 on  9620 BEI 150 kW / non-dir to EaAs Chinese and co-channels#
1230-1500 on  9620*ALG 250 kW / 282 deg to WeAs Sindhi All India Radio, inactive
1500-1600 on  9620*ALG 250 kW / 282 deg to WeAs Baluchi All India Radio, inactive
1615-1730 on  9620*ALG 250 kW / 282 deg to WeAs Farsi All India Radio, inactive
1730-1945 on  9620*ALG 250 kW / 282 deg to N/ME Arabic All India Radio, inactive
2030-2125 on  9620#EMR 500 kW / 105 deg to SEAs English Voice of Turkey

CNR-16 Voice of China 
1100-1605 on  9700 BEI 100 kW / 163 deg to EaAs Chinese
2055-2230 on  9700 BEI 100 kW / 163 deg to EaAs Chinese and co-channels*
2230-1100 on 17780 BEI 100 kW / 163 deg to EaAs Chinese and co-channels#
2040-2100 on  9700*SMG 250 kW / 114 deg to N/ME Arabic Vatican Radio
2100-2200 on  9700*TIN 250 kW / 329 deg to EaAs Korean Radio Free Asia
0130-0230 on 17780#PHT 250 kW / 283 deg to SEAs Burmese Voice of America
0400-0426 on 17780#TIG 300 kW / 067 deg to EaAs Chinese Radio Romania Int
0500-0600 on 17780#TRM 250 kW / 300 deg to CEAf Arabic Adventist World Radio
(DX Bulgaria)

Saturday, May 20, 2017

New Summer 2017 International Shortwave Broadcast Guide Now Available

Teak Publishing is pleased to announce the release of the Summer 2017 International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (ISWBG) electronic book by Amazon bestselling author Gayle Van Horn, W4GVH. This all important semi-annual information resource is your electronic guide to the world of shortwave radio listening.

The release of this book is very timely for international radio monitors given the recent outbreak of tensions in the world hotspots of Eastern Europe, Middle East, East Asia and the Korean Peninsula.

Shortwave radio listeners are routinely entertained with unique perspectives to events, music, culture, history, and news from other countries that you won’t see or hear on your local or national broadcast channels. Shortwave radio broadcast aren’t restricted by country borders or oceans, and can propagate thousands of miles, reaching millions of listeners worldwide, in over 300 different languages and dialects. These worldwide transmissions are monitored on internationally assigned radio frequencies between 1700 kHz and 30 MHz.

There are even broadcasts from the dark side, transmitted from broadcasters known as clandestine or clanny stations. Clandestine broadcasters are wrapped in mystery and intrigue, and they usually exist to bring about some sort of political change to the country they are targeting. Programming may largely be half-truths or sometimes even outright lies, but it is essentially propaganda for their cause.

Listeners who live in the United States can easily hear shortwave broadcast stations from Canada, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Japan, New Zealand, North/South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, and many other counties if you have an inexpensive shortwave radio receiver, and you know when and where to listen!

If you want to get in on the action, then this Amazon electronic book is your ticket the travel the world via radio. The ISWBG is our exclusive 24-hour station/frequency guide to “all” of the known longwave, selected mediumwave and shortwave radio stations currently broadcasting at time of publication. This unique radio hobby resource is the “only” radio hobby publication that has by-hour station schedules that include all language services, frequencies and world target areas.

New in this eighth edition of the ISWBG is an Surfing the Shortwave Radio Bands without a Radio by senior radio monitor Larry Van Horn Summertime Listening on Shortwave, by shortwave program specialist Fred Waterer, and a feature very timely feature - When News Breaks: Getting Your News from the Front Lines through streaming media by Loyd Van Horn.

There is also an expanded special feature on Who’s Who in the shortwave radio spectrum by former Monitoring Times editor and feature writer Larry Van Horn N5FPW. This story covers services and frequencies outside the regular broadcast and amateur radio bands, and includes our new, exclusive Hot HF 1000+ non-broadcast frequency list. The final feature article in this edition is Getting Started in Shortwave Radio, a primer, by Spectrum Monitor managing editor Ken Reitz KS4ZR.

Also included in this edition is increased frequency and station coverage of longwave broadcasters, selected medium wave broadcast frequencies used by international broadcasters, all known international standard time and frequency stations transmitting worldwide, and some selected spy numbers broadcasts.

The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Summer 2017 edition) is now available for purchase worldwide from Amazon.com at https://www.amazon.com/dp/B071VMYYMH/.

The price for this latest edition is still US$7.99. Since this book is being released internationally, Amazon customers in the United Kingdom, Germany, France Spain, Italy, Japan, India, Canada, Brazil, Mexico and Australia can order this electronic book (e-Book) from Amazon websites directly servicing these countries. All other countries can use the regular Amazon.com website.

This new e-publication edition is a much expanded version of the English shortwave broadcast guide that was formerly published in the pages of the former Monitoring Times magazine for well over 20 years. This one of a kind e-book is published twice a year to correspond with shortwave station’s seasonal time and frequency changes.

Don’t own a Kindle reader from Amazon? Not a problem. You do not need to own a Kindle to read Amazon e-book publications. You can read any Kindle book with Amazon’s free reading apps on literally any electronic media platform.

The Kindle app is available for most major smartphones, tablets and computers. There is a Kindle app available for the iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch; Android Phone; Android Tablet; PC; Windows 8; Mac Kindle Cloud Reader; Windows Phone; Samsung; BlackBerry 10; BlackBerry; amd WebOS. This means with a free Kindle reading apps, you can buy a Kindle book once, and read it on any device with the Kindle app installed*. You can also read that same Kindle book on a Kindle device if you own one.

You can find additional details on these apps by checking out this link to the Amazon website at www.amazon.com/gp/feature.html?ie=UTF8&docId=1000493771.

For additional information on this and other Teak Publishing radio hobby books, monitor the company sponsored Internet blogs – The Military Monitoring Post (http://mt-milcom.blogspot.com/), The Btown Monitor Post (http://monitor-post.blogspot.com/) and The Shortwave Central (http://mt-shortwave.blogspot.com/) for availability of additional e-books that are currently in production. You can learn more about the author by going to her author page on Amazon at http://www.amazon.com/Gayle-Van-Horn/e/B0084MVQCM/.

The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide will have wide appeal to shortwave radio hobbyists, amateur radio operators, educators, foreign language students, news agencies, news buffs, or anyone interested in listening to a global view of news and major events as they happen.

Whether you are an amateur radio operator or shortwave radio enthusiasts, and want to get in on the action outside of the ham bands, then this new electronic book from Teak Publishing is a must in your radio reference library.

Friday, May 19, 2017

Shortwave Service announces frequency updates

Vintage QSL from Voice of Mongolia (Gayle Van Horn Collection)

According to the Shortwave Service website, the new relay RAE - Argentinien in die Weltrelay at 2100-2200UTC results in the Radio Belarus German relay to be moved to 2200-2400 UTC, and Voice of Mongolia in English to move to 0000-0030 UTC.
(BDXC/Alan Roe, Teddington, UK)

All India Radio joins DRM Consoritum

AIR formally joins DRM Consortium, which hails its achievements in completing phase one

NEW DELHI: Although All India Radio has been among the foremost countries in the progress in adoption of digital radio mondiale technology, it has now formally become a member of the DRM Consortium and its leading bodies.

This fact was acknowledged in the recent DRM General Assembly held in Switzerland, where the fact that several car models launched this year in India are carrying standard DRM receivers was greeted with interest.

All India Radio has successfully completed phase-I of the national DRM digital radio roll-out. This involved the installation of 37 DRM transmitters, now operational, throughout the country. Of these, 35 are medium wave and 2 are shortwave transmitters. Both SW transmitters are for international service and are broadcasting in pure DRM. Out of the 35 MW transmitters, 2 are broadcasting in pure DRM, carrying two audio services in digital; the other 33 transmitters are working in simulcast mode. Out of these, 25 MW transmitters are working for 1 hour in pure DRM every day (Monday to Saturday). The transmission powers of these 35 transmitters are: 1000 kW (two), 300 kW (six), 200 kW (10), 100 kW (11) and 20 kW (six); two SW transmitters are 500 kW and 250 kW each.

Full story at :
(Alokesh Gupta, New Delhi)

Updated schedule of RAE Argentina to the World

RAE Argentina to the World via WRMI Okeechobee
Effective: 22 May 2017
All times UTC
0000-0100 on  7730 YFR 100 kW / 285 deg to MEXI Spanish px tx#13 Tue-Sat, del RMI pxs
0100-0200 on  9395 YFR 100 kW / 355 deg to ENAm English px tx#06 Tue-Sat as scheduled
0100-0200 on 11580 YFR 100 kW / 044 deg to WeEu English px tx#09 Tue-Sat, del RAE Englsh
0600-0700 on  7730 YFR 100 kW / 285 deg to MEXI Japanese   tx#13 Tue-Sat, del RMI pxs
0700-0800 on  5850 YFR 100 kW / 315 deg to WNAm English px tx#12 Tue-Sat, del RMI pxs
0700-0800 on  7730 YFR 100 kW / 285 deg to MEXI English px tx#13 Tue-Sat, del RMI pxs
0800-0900 on  5850 YFR 100 kW / 315 deg to WNAm Chinese px tx#12 Tue-Sat, del RAE Spanish
0900-1000 on  5850 YFR 100 kW / 315 deg to WNAm Japanese   tx#12 Tue-Sat, del RMI pxs
1100-1200 on  9955 YFR 100 kW / 160 deg to SoAm Portuguese tx#10 Mon-Fri, del DX prgr
1300-1400 on 11580 YFR 100 kW / 044 deg to WeEu French px  tx#09 Mon-Fri, del RMI pxs
2100-2200 on 11580 YFR 100 kW / 044 deg to WeEu German px  tx#09 Mon-Fri, del RSI English
2200-2300 on  5950 YFR 100 kW / 181 deg to Cuba Spanish px tx#14 Mon-Fri as scheduled
2200-2300 on 11580 YFR 100 kW / 044 deg to WeEu Italian px tx#09 Mon-Fri, del RAE Spanish
(SWL DXing)

Voice of the People frequency update

Clandestine - Voice of the People

Effective: 18 May 2017

All times UTC

0530-2330 3910 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean, ex  3912
0530-2330 3930 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean, ex  4557
0530-2330 6520 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean, ex  6518
parallel 3480 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean no change
parallel freq 4450 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean no change
parallel freq 6600 K-S 050 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean no change
(DX Bulgaria 18 May)

VOA Radiogram weekend schedule

Hello friends,
Before the preview of this weekend’s show, some news about the future of VOA Radiogram. I will retire from the Voice of America on June 23, after 32 years as audience research analyst and broadcaster.

I was hoping to continue to produce VOA Radiogram as a contractor. I approached 1) BBG’s Technology, Services and Innovation (engineering), 2) BBG’s new Office of Internet Freedom, and 3) VOA English Programs. They all declined.

And, therefore, the last VOA Radiogram will be the weekend on June 17-18
Money is not the issue.  I am willing to work cheap.  My main interest is to be authorized to continue the show and maintain a VOA email address, so that I can keep in contact with the audience.

The irony is that, after retirement, I will finally have time to answer your emails – but I will no longer have access to the VOA email system to do that.

But, the show must go on.  In addition to the four weekly transmissions via the BBG North Carolina transmitting site, VOA Radiogram is also broadcast on WRMI in Florida twice on Sundays. I can hardly allow those half-hour slots to be filled by light recorded music. So, beginning the weekend of June 24-25, a program similar to VOA Radiogram, but with a new name and email address, will be broadcast by WRMI.

In future crises and worse, the Internet to the affected countries will be cut off. In such times, when international broadcasting will be most needed, only those media organizations that have some shortwave capability will play a role.

 More about the demise of VOA Radiogram, and the emergence of its replacement, in the weeks to come.

 VOA Radiogram this weekend includes some text in Russian. You will need to use the UTF-8 character set. IF you use Fldigi, it probably is already set for UTF-8, but you might want to check under the Colors & Fonts menu. All of the show is in MFSK32 except for one item in MFSK16, in case reception is challenging.

Here is the lineup for VOA Radiogram, program 216, May 20-21, 2017, all in MFSK32 except where noted:

1:46  Program preview
 3:00  Distance supernova can doom earth has doubled*
10:16  Plan to clean plastic patch in the Pacific*
15:55  Plastic-eating moths (Russian) * **
22:01  MFSK16: Ukraine blocks Russian websites
26:10  MFSK32: Closing announcements*
* with image
** Mostly Cyrillic text: use UTF-8 character set

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com 

VOA Radiogram Transmission Schedule
 UTC Time
 Also try in …
 North Carolina
 Asia-Pacific, Europe
 North Carolina
 Americas, Asia-Pacific
 North Carolina

 North Carolina
 Americas, Asia-Pacific
 WRMI Florida
 Americas, Asia-Pacific
 WRMI Florida
 Europe, Asia-Pacific

The Mighty KBC transmits to Europe Saturdays at 1500-1530 UTC on 9400 kHz (via Bulgaria), with a minute of MFSK32 at about 1530 UTC. And to North America Sundays at 0000-0200 UTC (Saturday 8-10 pm EDT) on 9925 kHz, via Germany. A minute of MFSK32 is at about 0130 UTC. Reports to Eric: themightykbc@gmail.com . See also http://www.kbcradio.eu/ and https://www.facebook.com/TheMightyKbc/.  

 DigiDX has not resumed, hence the VOA Radiogram transmissions via WRMI. See http://www.digidx.uk/ and https://www.facebook.com/digidx/ 

Italian Broadcasting Corporation (IBC)  For the complete IBC transmission schedule visit  http://ibcradio.webs.com/  Five minutes of MFSK32 is at the end of the 30-minute English-language “Shortwave Panorama,” per the schedule below:


                        19.55 UTC  1584 KHZ TO EUROPE




                        20.25 UTC  1584 KHZ TO SOUTH EUROPE

SUNDAY          00.55 UTC  7730 KHZ TO NORTH AMERICA

                        10.55 UTC  6070 KHZ TO EUROPE

 Thank you for your reception reports from last weekend!
I hope you can tune in and write in this weekend.
Kim Andrew Elliott, KD9XB
Producer and Presenter
VOA Radiogram voaradiogram.net
Twitter: @VOARadiogram  (especially active just before, during, and after broadcasts)

Low-powered South American station slated for weekend broadcast

From Pirana International, the schedule for an upcoming broadcast for Radio Enterhaken.

Dear friends!

This weekend our transmitter in South America will be active again with relay of
Radio Enterhaken, on the following schedule: 

6930 kHz  10 watts carrier. A true challenge In March we got reports for this transmitter from Finland, Norway, Germany, New Zealand, and the United States - and incredible 10 watts!

Friday May 19 - 21.00 - 13.00 (Saturday)

Saturday May 20 - 21.00 - 13.00  (Sunday)

Sunday May 21 - 21.00 - 13.00 (Monday)

Reports to: Enterhaken@gmx.net
73'  Jorge R. García

Echo of Hope frequency updates

Echo of Hope frequency update

All times UTC
Effective: 18 May 2017

0600-2400 5995#HWA 100 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean, ex  6003
0600-2400 6350*HWA 100 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean, ex  6348
parallel freq 3985 HWA 100 kW / non-dir to NEAs Korean no change
parallel freq 6250 SEO 010 kW / 010 deg to NEAs Korean no change
# no jamming, but other two traditional 3985 and 6250 are jammed
* no jamming, best reception in USB, due to strong Interference from RTTY station on 6245 kHz.
(DX Bulgaria 18 May)

Reach Beyond Australia updates shortwave programming

Dimapur, May 18 (EMN): Highland Dawn Media Nagaland (HDM) and Reach Beyond Australia (RBA) have announced broadcasting a new weekly Nagamese Christian Radio program.
This is among one of the first Nagamese Radio broadcasts specifically covering Northeast India and Myanmar to bless all Nagamese speaking people in the regions.
The program called ?From darkness to Light? will feature well known Naga pastors and preachers like Rev. Vizotuo Kiewhuo and Rev. Shan Kikon from Nagaland, including Rev. Luoliehu Yimsung from Australia.
Evangelism, family and relationships, health, youth programs and Nagamese Christian music from Nagaland and beyond will be featured in the program. In this regard, HDM has invited singers and musicians, who have recorded Nagamese Christian music, to contact them for Radio broadcast or recording of their songs and albums.
Pastors and listeners from remote places and villages in Eastern Nagaland and beyond can mark the times and frequency of the broadcast.
The Radio program will be broadcast every Sunday, Wednesday and Saturday at 5:45 pm IST, which will be 6:45 p.m. according to Myanmar Standard Time (MMT) [= 1215-1245 UTC]. The program can be heard on Short Wave Band Frequency: 9685 Khz (31 metres).
The broadcast will started on May 13 and will continue every week on the above mentioned days and time. The same program will also be posted and heard online soon at HDM?s online Radio website at www.NagalandChristianRadio.com .
( http://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/nagamese-radio-broadcast-for-ne-myanmar/  May 16 )

Reach Beyond Australia have also added a broadcast in Matu to Myanmar also on 9685 kHz 1145-1215 UTC (Wed and Sat) and 1215-1245 UTC (Thurs), all from their Kununurra transmitter site near the northern tip of Western Australia. But their A17 schedule has dropped programs in Chinese (and Fujian).

This from their website:

New Languages added to Broadcast Schedule (Friday, 24 March 2017)
Reach Beyond Australia is constantly seeking ways to better serve listeners who have no or little access to the gospel in the South East Asia region. Our programming features a handful of languages spoken by people groups notably hungry for the message of salvation. Our new schedule of programs for A17, marks the beginning of an extended outreach to India and Myanmar with the addition of programs in the Nagamese and Matu languages.

Nagamese is widely spoken in Nagaland, a state in India?s North East, and among some remote villages of Myanmar, just across the border. Matu, in turn, is one of the languages of the Chin state of Myanmar. Two independent media ministries are coming alongside Reach Beyond in the task to make the gospel more available to those audiences. We strongly believe that the new broadcast services into India and Myanmar will impact many.

While expanding broadcast hours into South East Asia?s audiences, the A17 Schedule will also mark the end of our services for China. We praise God for the extensive shortwave Christian programming into that country being delivered daily by our friends in ministry TWR and FEBC. That will allow us to strengthen our focus on new audiences such as those within India and Myanmar. We are looking forward to this new broadcasting season and the fruit the programs will bear. As we all know, the word of God, when sent out, ?never returns empty?.

You can find our new program schedule here: http://www.reachbeyond.org.au/site/DefaultSite/filesystem/documents/publications/A17%20Schedule_by%20Language%20Edition.pdf

Article on North Korean AM broadcast

Perseus unit tuned on echo of Unification
Mike Terry from the British DX Club, posted this interesting article on the clandestine station, Echo of Unification. While it originally was published in December 2016, it remains an interesting glimpse into this station.

DPRK propaganda station drops AM broadcast

Echo of Unification (통일의메아리방송), a North Korean radio station that broadcasts propaganda towards South Korea, dropped all mediumwave (AM band) broadcasting on December 21.
The move seemingly confirms the futility of the broadcasts, which consumed large amounts of electricity but were blocked by powerful South Korean government jamming transmitters, but the station isn’t giving up. In their place, it has brought on air additional shortwave and FM transmitters.
It’s all part of a game that’s been going on for decades. North and South Korea both broadcast propaganda at each other while trying to stop their own citizens from hearing the other’s broadcast. Similar battles used to be played out across borders around the world but have largely moved to the internet and social media. The lack of internet in North Korea and South Korean censorship mean radio still plays a part on the Korean peninsula.
Echo of Unification launched in December 2012 with three blocks of programming each day: from 7am to 9am; from 1pm to 3pm; and from 9pm to 11pm (Pyongyang time).

Additional article and audio links at:

You Tube link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpEg7RgV9l8

Monday, May 15, 2017

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2017 May 15 0217 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/weekly.html
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 08 - 14 May 2017

Solar activity was at very low levels with only B-class activity observed. On 13 May, an eruptive filament located near S60E10 was observed in H-alpha imagery starting to lift off at approximately 13/1300 UTC. An associated CME was observed in LASCO/C2 coronagraph imagery beginning at 13/1712 UTC. The majority of the ejecta appeared to have a southern trajectory; however, there was
indication of an Earth-directed component. ENLIL modeling suggested an arrival at Earth late on 16 May.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels throughout the period.

Geomagnetic field activity was at quiet levels on 08-09 May and 13 May while quiet to unsettled levels were observed 10-12 May and 14 May. Mostly nominal solar wind conditions were observed throughout the period with an SSBC slightly enhancing the solar wind environment on 09 May.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 15 May - 10 June 2017

Solar activity is expected to be very low throughout the forecast period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to range from normal to very high levels. Normal levels are likely on 19 Apr. Moderate levels are likely on 20 Apr, 05-06 May, and 08-14 May. High levels are likely on 18 Apr, 21-23 Apr, 29 Apr-04 May, and 07 May. Very high levels are likely 24-28 Apr. All enhancements in flux values are anticipated from multiple,
recurrent, CH HSS influence.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to range from quiet to G2 (Moderate) storm conditions over the outlook period. Active conditions are likely on 15 May due to an anticipated CIR late in the day. 16 May will likely observe G1 (Minor) storm conditions due to a positive polarity CH HSS. G2 (Moderate) conditions on 17 May are likely as CH HSS influence is forecast to combine with the 13
May CME. G1 (Minor) storm conditions are again likely with the onset of a negative polarity CH HSS on 18 May. Geomagnetic field activity is expected to increase to G2 (Moderate) storm levels on 19-20 May as wind speeds from the CH HSS peak. As the negative polarity CH HSS influence slowly wanes, G1 (Minor) storm levels on 21 May are likely to decrease to active on 22 May and finally to unsettled on 23 May. With the exception of a period of quiet to unsettled levels on 10 Jun, the remainder of the forecast period is expected to be at quiet levels.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2017 May 15 0217 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/wwire.html
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2017-05-15
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2017 May 15      72          12          4
2017 May 16      72          22          5
2017 May 17      74          32          6
2017 May 18      74          20          5
2017 May 19      74          48          6
2017 May 20      74          36          6
2017 May 21      74          20          5
2017 May 22      76          12          4
2017 May 23      76           8          3
2017 May 24      76           5          2
2017 May 25      76           5          2
2017 May 26      76           5          2
2017 May 27      76           5          2
2017 May 28      76           5          2
2017 May 29      76           5          2
2017 May 30      74           5          2
2017 May 31      74           5          2
2017 Jun 01      74           5          2
2017 Jun 02      74           5          2
2017 Jun 03      74           5          2
2017 Jun 04      72           5          2
2017 Jun 05      70           5          2
2017 Jun 06      70           5          2
2017 Jun 07      70           5          2
2017 Jun 08      70           5          2
2017 Jun 09      70           5          2
2017 Jun 10      70           8          3

Thursday, May 11, 2017

ABC opposes bill to restore Pacific shortwave service

ABC QSL (Gayle Van Horn QSL Collection)
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation has made a Senate submission opposing a bill which would force it to restore its shortwave services for the Northern Territory and the Pacific. The bill was introduced by South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon after the ABC switched off its shortwave transmitters in late January.

The ABC is opposed to the bill and said in its submission that its passing would impinge on its independence by directing the ABC to use broadcast technologies for diminishing audiences and at significant maintenance costs.

The ABC also said that in the bill there were factual errors and misconceptions, including the figures for the actual cost of the services. The bill said that the cost of the services was $US1.4 million but the ABC said if the Bill was enacted, the total transmission cost would be closer to $US3 million per annum, with the costs of $US 880,000 for the domestic services and $US2 million for the international services.

It also said while it had received numerous submissions from pressure groups, politicians and members of the public since switching off its shortwave service, it had only got complaints from 20 listeners. The ABC said it believed that the limited response from individual audience members in affected regions bears out the weight of evidence it used in making its decision to cease these services.

Monday, May 08, 2017

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2017 May 08 0049 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/weekly.html
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 01 - 07 May 2017

Solar activity was at very low levels with only B-class activity observed. On 04 May, an episode of large-scale magnetic reconnection was observed in the NE quadrant with a subsequent slow-moving CME off the NE limb, first observed in LASCO C2 imagery beginning at 04/1900 UTC. Analysis, and follow on WSA-Enlil model output of the CME, suggested an arrival at Earth early to midday on 10 May.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at high levels on 01-04 and 07 May and normal levels on 05-06 May.

Geomagnetic field activity was at predominately quiet levels throughout the period. Isolated unsettled to active periods were obsevered late on 04 May and early on 05 May due to weak effects from the 30 April CME. Isolated unsettled periods were observed on 07 May due to sustained southward Bz.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 08 May - 03 June 2017

Solar activity is expected to be very low with a slight chance for C-class flare activity throughout the outlook period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is likely to reach high levels on 08-09, 13-15, 17-20, and 24-31 May with very high levels likely on 21-23 May. Normal to moderate flux levels are expected for the remainder of the period.

Geomagnetic field activity is likely to reach G2 (Moderate) geomagnetic storm levels on 17 and 21 May with G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels likely on 22 May due to the influence of mulitple, recurrent CH HSSs. Active conditions are likely on 10-11 May due to effects from the 04 May CME with additional active
conditions possible on 16, 18 and 20 May due to CH HSS influence. Quiet to unsettled levels are expected for the remainder of the period.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2017 May 01 0108 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather 
Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/wwire.html
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2017-05-01
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2017 May 01      77          12          4
2017 May 02      75           8          3
2017 May 03      75          12          4
2017 May 04      73          12          4
2017 May 05      75           8          3
2017 May 06      75           8          3
2017 May 07      75           5          2
2017 May 08      75           8          3
2017 May 09      75           5          2
2017 May 10      75           5          2
2017 May 11      75           5          2
2017 May 12      75           5          2
2017 May 13      75           5          2
2017 May 14      75           5          2
2017 May 15      80           8          3
2017 May 16      80          15          4
2017 May 17      80          30          5
2017 May 18      80          25          5
2017 May 19      85          45          6
2017 May 20      85          50          6
2017 May 21      85          15          4
2017 May 22      80          10          3
2017 May 23      80           8          3
2017 May 24      77           5          2
2017 May 25      77           5          2
2017 May 26      77           5          2
2017 May 27      77           5          2

Friday, May 05, 2017

Dxers Unlimited Edition, May 2, 2017

Radio Havana Cuba
Dxers Unlimited middle of the week edition for Tuesday 2 May 2017
By Arnie Coro
radio amateur CO2KK

Hola mis amigos radioaficionados now listening to the middle of the week edition of Dxers Unlimited... this is certainly the one and only radio hobby program that attempts to cover each and every one of the more than 90 ways of enjoying this wonderful way of spending our spare time having  a lot of fun with our radios....

India is at the forefront on the use of Digital Radio Mondiale technology. The current test period includes one hour a day of DRM broadcasts at twenty five different transmitting stations.... But the single most important drawback to DRM Digital Radio Mondiale continues to be the lack of low and medium cost eceivers that are still sadly missing .... Another recent news item brought information about an integrated circuit capable of demodulating all possible transmission modes, including standard AM, FM, and several of the already on the air digital radio modes, like DRM, the IBOC or HD Radio and all different DAB modes....

Massive production of this new digital integrated circuit that automaticallly detects the modulation mode in use , producing clear audio output, could be the breakthrough every one is expecting in order to introduce the most efficient digital modes at a worldwide scale.... In the meantime, DRM capable receivers continue to be expensive, while those for HD Radio and DAB are slowly becoming available at lower cost... More updates about digital radio transmission modes at an upcoming edition of Dxers Unlimited.
Item two: Coming to you from Dxers Unlimited's middle of the week  edition... a short form solar activity update.... The Sun is going  through another period of very low activity, and just three sunspot  active regions with a single sunspot inside are visible, so the current  sunspot number was 33 late Monday UTC day...

Item three one of the show... Si amigos, many of you I am sure will want to experience the unique joy of listening to a radio receiver that  you have just built... I can share with you my very special day , way back in 1956 when the radio in kit form that was my birthday present started to pick up station CMZ on one thousand ten kiloHertz, and at the low frequency end of the little radio's dial I was listening to CMQ's powerful signal on 630 kiloHertz...The radio used just a single 3S4 miniature triode... and was powered by two batteries.... a one point
five volts size D cell for the vacuum tube's filament and a twenty two and a half volts battery for feeding the plate voltage for the 3S4. The receiver used a classic regenerative circuit using the Armstrong plate feedback method, controlled by a variable capacitor throttle control...

It took me a while to understand how the radio could be made more and more sensitive until it starting howling like a lone wolf ... the howl audio note was bad for my ears !!! Then about a week after using the radio , one evening , while tweaking the throttle regeneration capacitor just at the point before the radio started to oscillate , a weak signal arount the center of the dial could be heard and it was a station speaking in English.... Si amigos, yes my friends, oui mes amis, that was KAAY , from Little Rock in Arkansas on 1090 kiloHertz, and just at
slightly higher frequency the scond DX station was coming in... it was WBT from Charlotte North Caroline on 1110 kiloHertz, and I kept the radio going from one station to the another until about three o'clock in the morning... Needless those two first AM Broadcast Band stations picked up by very simple battery powered regenerative receiver turned me into a lifelong fan of AM Band Dxing.... Oh, and before I forget, the radio can be built nowadays , because it uses very common parts that are still available....

Si amigos, you are listening to Radio Havana Cuba, this is our middle of  the week edition of Dxers Unlimited, I am your host Arnie Coro, radio amateur CO2KK, and now more about home brew radios, that use a low number of parts and can be built at home with a few hand tools, a low wattage soldering iron and a low cost digitalmultimeter...

You must learn how to identify electronic components like resistor, capacitors, transistors, integrated circuits and vacuum tubes pin outs.... It will take some time, and you will want to obtain the help of more experienced radio hobby enthusiast ....buy be assured it can be achieved and after some time your know how will be enough for you to build your first simple radio...

My advice is to try to build a simple crystal receiver to which you add a one or two transistors audio amplifier so that good headphone volume can be achieved from the local and near local AM broadcast band stations....

Item four:  More information about the spring and summer sporadic E layer propagation season, just starting at this moment. According to several ionospheric propagation experts, they expect this year's sporadic E main season spanning from early May to late July could be surprisingly active... The gurus say that there seems to be a reverse connection between solar activity and the sporadic E layer events...

In other words during solar minimum years it seems that less solar activity
somehow helps to enhance the probability of the formation of high ionization density patches at the height of the E layer that may produce outstanding propagation events... Amateur radio operators having stations capable of operating on the 10 and 6 meter bands will be able to make DX contacts on those two bands during the summer Sporadic E season now starting... The real challenge brought by Sporadic E layer events is that so far they have proven to be impossible to predict... so far there is no method that can tell in advance when one of such super density sporadic E layer patches starts suddenly brings in DX signals for periods as short as a few minutes or maybe even hours and then
suddenly just vanish...

For 6 meters band operators the sporadic E events make possible working DX stations several hundreds of miles away, with the first skip zone area coming after a zone of no signals... There is also the possibility of double and triple hop skip signals when two or three patches of high density sporadic E clouds align themselves properly...

Si amigos, we will soon learn if the forecasts of a very active sporadic  E layer Dx season is going to happen or not... and if you do have a nice  FM broadcast band radio it would be possible during very good band  openings to pick up far away FM stations via sporadic E very high  density patches to raise the maximum usable frequency past the one hundred megaHertz band.

And now at the end of the program here is our propagation update and forecast for the next several days--- solar activity at very low levels, just a lonely weak sunspot active region in sight Tuesday morning local time in Havana, around 12 hours UTC... a quiet ionosphere due to the very low ultraviolet radiation levels, so the maximum usable frequency reached by the best North to South propagation paths will barely reach 20 megaHertz at peak times... Be on the look out for sporadic E  openings... it is now clear that the late spring and summer E skip season is well under way...

 I am already receiving reports from Six Meters Band radio amateur operators from North America and the Caribbean telling me that they have already made the season's first E skip contacts...

AMIGOS please don't forget to set aside a little time to send me a signal report and your most appreciated comments and radio hobby  related questions to  Dxers Unlimited. Send mail to inforhc@enet.cu .

 Postal Mail: Arnie Coro, Radio Havana Cuba, Havana , Cuba

May Specials From DX Stamps & Supplies Service

Dear Customer,
Below are DX specials and news for MAY 2017
 If you need a current stamp list or supply list, I can email it to you. 
FOUNTAIN PEN/PENCIL UPDATE:   Did  a local craft fair and the SplitRock ARA Hamfest last weekend. Fairly quiet at both, but did move out some DX stuff at Splitrock and a few pens and pencils, plus it was good seeing a number of long time customers from the north Jersey area. I have a table at Branchburg flea market on April 29th. I'll be adding more of these events, all in New Jersey...IF you're in the area, drop me an email and I'll keep you informed as to where I'll be with the pens and pencils.
 IN STOCK AGAIN:  Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova.
Save Big on your domestic mailings when you plaster 
 your envelope with colorful vintage stamps!
49c units

in  2 stamps
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Payment by Credit card, check or money order
               for forever stamps and 49c units                   
No Charge for posting Discount Postage Offers, sending only to USA addresses. 

2 Germany-$2.60       2 Russia-$2.60       3 Japan-$3.90  
2 Italy-$7.00    2 UK-$3.00    2 France-$3.60    5 Spain-$10.00
200/200 European Plain Mailers and Plain Returns - $40.00
200/200 European Air Mailers and Plain Returns - $40.00
200/200 STATESIDE Mailers and Returns - $22.00
European AIR Returns are SOLD OUT!!
500/500 European AIR Mailers and Plain Returns - $90.00
500/500 European Plain Mailers and Plain Returns - $90.00
500/500 Stateside mailers and Returns - $50.00
2 Deluxe QSL Albums - $70.00
2 Deluxe QSL Albums Slightly damaged - $55.00
Priority Mail Shipping Rates: Orders up to $40.00 add $9.00, orders from $41.00 to $100.00 add $15.00. orders from $101.00 to $150.00 add $20.00, orders over $150.00 add 15%. When ordering supplies and stamps, the stamps ride free, just use supply total to figure shipping costs. Shipments to Canada and overseas ship at a greater cost. (07/2015 modified)
Stamps Only Orders: Just add $1.00 P&H for posting to USA, add $2.00 for posting to Canada.
73, bill
William Plum
12 Glenn Road
Flemington, NJ 08822
908 788 1020

Japanese radio station on an Australian island

Browse Island, Australia
During the era of the Pacific War, there were numerous rumors of Japanese armed personnel landing at isolated northern areas on the Australian continent, though it is evident that there were more rumors and less landings.  Some wartime stories even tell of Japanese scout planes landing at bush airfields up north, though it is known quite reliably that submarine launched scout planes did fly along the Tasmanian coastline, and over the cities of Melbourne and Sydney.
            There is one verified landing of Japanese personnel on the isolated coastline of Western Australia near Browse Island.  A 25 ton fishing vessel the "Hiyoshi Maru” carried army and navy personnel from Timor, and it was escorted on the earlier part of its journey by a Mitsubishi airplane, Type 99 light bomber.  The names of the Japanese party aboard the ship are given, and Lance Corporal Kazuo Ito was the radio operator.
            During the early afternoon of January 19, 1944 three separate parties from the "Hiyoshi Maru” landed and scouted the area at the very northern tip of the Western Australian coastline, and they also filmed what they saw with an 8 mm movie camera. 
            It is probable that Lance Corporal Kazuo Ito did not use his radio transmitter while in Australian waters, though there were rumors abounding back then that Japanese spies in Australia did communicate critical information by radio.  Professor Hiromi Tanaka, professor of War History at the National Defence Academy at Yokosuka in Japan, states that small bands of Japanese spies lived on small outer islands off the coast of Australia for months at a time, and they were then relieved by the arrival of a new party.  It should be stated though that government authorities in Australia have no tangible record of any such events. 
            However, there was one very interesting story as to how a Japanese spy used a radio transmitter in Australia during the Pacific War.  This is the story.
            When the subversive had collected the information he desired, he took a small boat out to a nearby island and he tuned his small low powered transmitter to a frequency just under the edge of a nearby mediumwave broadcasting station.  The spy then transmitted the information in Morse Code, and the heterodyne signal was almost impossible to hear on the mainland, except by an astute radio monitor with good receiving equipment.
            This story could be true, and it was accepted by the DX world in Australia at the time, but as it is told, there are several strange anomalies.  According to the government report, the astute international radio monitor who discovered this disturbing information was living in suburban Sydney and the transmissions were said to be from an island location near Newcastle, a distance of some 75 miles north.  Such low power reception at such a distance would be almost impossible.
            The callsign of the supposed broadcasting station in Newcastle is given, but in reality that callsign actually belonged to a mediumwave station located in Sydney.
            The subversive is said to have taken a small boat out to a small island near Newcastle, but the nearest island to Newcastle is 200 miles further north.
            The owners of the radio broadcasting station in Newcastle were named as a particular religious organization; that religious organization does own hundreds of radio stations around the world these days, but never any in Australia back then.
            The radio station in Newcastle that was said to be the innocent culprit in these subversive events was off the air before Japan entered the Pacific War; it was silent at the time when the spy radio operator was said to be active.
            We are not listing any of the known identifications in this radio story simply to protect the innocent.  However, the name of the government approved operator who discovered this interesting radio event is known. 
            Was then the story really true, and the informant was simply relying on a faulty memory?  Or was it simply a wartime ruse, a disinformation event that fitted the requirements for some unidentified wartime circumstance?
(AWR Wavescan/NWS 247)